If you’re still with us, we really appreciate your time and attention as we explore the issue of cybersecurity this month!
Now let’s look at something a little different from passwords and malware: Web attacks.
This is any attempt to breach your web site. As we said before, hackers are financially motivated, and anything from an eCommerce site to a small-business site is equally attractive. They tend to look for vulnerabilities that include a system flaw or weakness that can be exploited.
So let’s look at the most common types of web attacks:
- Injection Attacks: These pose the highest risk for websites. The SQL (pronounced “sequel”) Injection is the most popular among hackers. Any injection attack directly targets the website and server database. The hacker inserts code that shows hidden data and user input, allows for data modification, and otherwise compromises the application as a whole.
- Cross-Site Scripting: Whereas SQL attacks go after a vulnerable website’s data, a cross-site scripting attack goes after the website’s users. This also involves injecting code into a website, but it only runs in the user’s browser when they visit the compromised site and only goes after the users directly. Comments on blogs are one example of the ways an attacker could deploy this kind of attack.
- Fuzzing: Also known as Fuzz Testing, this is used legitimately by software developers to test for coding errors and security loopholes. But attackers also use it to look for vulnerabilities in a website they want to target. At first, copious amounts of random data are fed into an application to force it to crash, then the fuzzer tool is used to identify weaknesses. Any loopholes in the website’s security can be further exploited by the attacker.
- Path/Directory Traversal: This attack is less common than the others, but it’s still pretty serious. It’s a little more technical than the others too. Attackers attempt to access unauthorized files or directories outside the web root folder by injecting patterns to move up in the server hierarchy. This can allow for compromised access to all kinds of sensitive data, files, databases, and more on the same physical server.
As with the other types of cyber threats, any one of these attacks can result in catastrophic loses for your business. The best way to protect yourself is to enlist the help of a trusted tech partner like Flint Tech Solutions to monitor, protect, and help you recover in the event of an attack.
Here are some ways you can protect yourself:
- Validation: Implementing advanced validation techniques for anyone who visits your website will help reduce your risk of attack.
- Security Testing: Web application security testing tools are something any small business owner can use, and there are a number of open source tools available.
- Firewall: Setting up a web application firewall (WAF) can help protect against web attacks.
- Stay Up-to-Date: Make sure your security applications get updated regularly.
The bottom line for small business owners today is that cyber attacks are getting more and more sophisticated, and having a tech partner you can rely on to have your back is essential.
At Flint Tech, our goal is to take the pressure off when it comes to your small-business tech needs so that you’re free to pursue your goals, because your success is our success. Click on our icon below to find out more.
We hope you’re enjoying this month’s series on cybersecurity! Stay tuned to learn about more cybersecurity threats and what you can do to protect your business.